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The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that all 191 United Nations member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015.

1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than one U.S. dollar a day.
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
  • Increase the amount of food for those who suffer from hunger.
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2. Achieve universal primary education

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3. Promote gender equality and empower women

  • Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015.
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4. Reduce child mortality

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5. Improve maternal health

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6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases

  • Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS.
  • Halt and begin to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases.
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7. Ensure environmental sustainability

  • Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources.
  • Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
  • Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020.
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8. Develop a global partnership for development

  • Develop further an open trading and financial system that is rule-based, predictable and non-discriminatory. Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction—nationally and internationally.
  • Address the least developed countries’ special needs. This includes tariff- and quota-free access for their exports; enhanced debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries; cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous official development assistance for countries committed to poverty reduction.
  • Address the special needs of landlocked and small island developing States.
  • Deal comprehensively with developing countries’ debt problems through national and international measures to make debt sustainable in the long term.
  • In cooperation with the developing countries, develop decent and productive work for youth.
  • In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries.
  • In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies—especially information and communications technologies.
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